Last year, physicists reported that, when chilled to 1.7°C above absolute zero (–273°C), sheets of carbon atoms two layers thick can conduct electricity without resistance, allowing electrons to whiz through the material without losing any energy. The double sheets of carbons, known as bilayer graphene, have captivated researchers because their
There’s no way around it: Human beings have become completely dependent on electric devices. However, generating the energy necessary to keep contemporary life on Earth afloat is posing an ever-greater challenge to the safety and prosperity of the people of the world. Despite the difficulties that the era of electronic
Mainstream Science Recognizes the Potential of Neutrinos to Deliver Endless Clean Energy Over the years, skeptics have routinely doubted the potential benefits that understanding neutrinos could add to human lives. Pejoratively dubbed the “Ghost Particle” and scoffed at as anything more than an intangible particle that meaninglessly passes through our
Albert Einstein, one of the most famous names in science, was born in Germany and moved throughout Europe during his young life and then later moved to America as a result of Hitler’s rise to power. He was a prodigy in the subjects of math and physics. At the age
Wolfgang Ernst Pauli was an Austrian-born Swiss theoretical physicist who is one of the founding fathers of modern day quantum physics. He was presented with the Nobel Prize in Physics for his outstanding contributions to the discovery of spin theory. His life and work heavily contributed to advances in theoretical
Arthur Bruce McDonald was born in Sydney, Nova Scotia on August 29th of 1943 and is a Canadian astrophysicist. He served the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Collaboration as the director and from 2006 through 2013 he held the Kingston Queen’s University Gordon and Patricia Gray Chair in Ontario for Particle Astrophysics.
Takaaki Kajita is one of the 2015 Nobel Prize winners in Physics. He shared the prize with Canadian physicist Arthur B. McDonald. Although they were doing their research in different labs and on separate continents, they both did important and related work in neutrino research. Takaaki Kajita has worked for
A neutrino (denoted by the Greek letter ν) is a fermion (an elementary particle with half-integer spin) that interacts only via the weak subatomic force and gravity. The mass of the neutrino is much smaller than that of the other known elementary particles. Although only differences of squares of the three