NEUTRINO AND THE FUTURE OF ENERGY

Neutrinos: Energy Source Resource & Development
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
Wolfgang Ernst Pauli
Wolfgang Ernst Pauli
STEPHEN HAWKING
STEPHEN HAWKING
Nikola Tesla
Nikola Tesla
Arthur McDonald
Arthur McDonald
Takaaki Kajita
Takaaki Kajita
Jack Steinberger
Jack Steinberger
Konstantin Meyl
Konstantin Meyl
Holger Thorsten Schubart
Holger Thorsten Schubart
In the 1930s, the French physicist Pierre Auger placed Geiger counters along a ridge in the Alps and observed that they would sometimes spontaneously click at the same time, even when they were up to 300 meters apart. He knew that the coincident clicks came from cosmic rays, charged particles
Certain neutrino/matter collisions result in a phenomenon called resonance, which is typified by unusually regular particle scattering after neutrino impact. It’s postulated that this resonance could explain why neutrinos have mass and, therefore, how to exploit this mass better to produce energy. As a collaboration between scientists in Germany, the
Neutrino
Borophene – a sheet of boron just one atom thick – can be stabilized in air by bonding its atoms with hydrogen, researchers in the US have discovered. The new technique was developed Mark Hersam at Northwestern University and colleagues, who found that hydrogenated sheets of borophene (called borophane) oxidized
In December 2016, a high-energy particle called an electron antineutrino hurtled to Earth from outer space at close to the speed of light. Deep inside the ice sheet at the South Pole, it smashed into an electron and produced a particle, called W− boson, that quickly decayed into a shower
Results from an experiment using the Large Hadron Collider challenges the accepted model of physics. Scientists working on the Large Hadron Collider discovered new particles whose unusual behavior doesn’t conform to the Standard Model of particle physics. The find may indicate the existence of entirely new particles or interactions and

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Takaaki Kajita: Discovery of atmospheric neutrino oscillations

Arthur B. McDonald wins 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics

Cosmic Map of Ultrahigh-Energy Particles Points to Long-Hidden Treasures
In the 1930s, the French physicist Pierre Auger placed Geiger counters along a ridge in the Alps and observed that they would sometimes spontaneously click at the same time, even when they were up to 300 meters apart. He knew that the coincident clicks came from cosmic rays, charged particles
Neutrino Energy: Bombarding neutrinos cause resonance
Certain neutrino/matter collisions result in a phenomenon called resonance, which is typified by unusually regular particle scattering after neutrino impact. It’s postulated that this resonance could explain why neutrinos have mass and, therefore, how to exploit this mass better to produce energy. As a collaboration between scientists in Germany, the
Some more secrets about insight of Neutrinovoltaic Technology,Graphene-like boron is stabilized by hydrogen, paving the way for practical applications – Physics World
Borophene – a sheet of boron just one atom thick – can be stabilized in air by bonding its atoms with hydrogen, researchers in the US have discovered. The new technique was developed Mark Hersam at Northwestern University and colleagues, who found that hydrogenated sheets of borophene (called borophane) oxidized
IceCube Neutrino Observatory Detects New High-Energy Particle
In December 2016, a high-energy particle called an electron antineutrino hurtled to Earth from outer space at close to the speed of light. Deep inside the ice sheet at the South Pole, it smashed into an electron and produced a particle, called W− boson, that quickly decayed into a shower
New particle experiment goes against standard physics – Big Think
Results from an experiment using the Large Hadron Collider challenges the accepted model of physics. Scientists working on the Large Hadron Collider discovered new particles whose unusual behavior doesn’t conform to the Standard Model of particle physics. The find may indicate the existence of entirely new particles or interactions and
Germany and India create a self-charging electric Pi Car powered by NEUTRINOVOLTAIC technology
A new partnership between one of the world’s leading Institutes in the field of research and development of electronic materials, the scientific center C-MET (India) and the Neutrino Energy Group (headquartered in Berlin) has been announced. The Neutrino Energy Group has created a technology for converting environmental energy (using an
The Car Pi: Invisible Radiation Converted by Metamaterials Will Power the Electrical Vehicles of Tomorrow
In honor of the anniversary of its founding, the Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET) in Pune, India has announced a deepening cooperation with Berlin, Germany’s Neutrino Energy Group. Chaired on C-MET’s side by Dr. Vijay Bhaktar and inaugurated by Dr. Holger Thorsten Schubart, head of the Neutrino Energy
Measuring the Invisible: Seeking Universe’s Smallest Particles for Answers to Its Biggest Questions
Particle physicist Lindley Winslow seeks the universe’s smallest particles for answers to its biggest questions. When she entered the field of particle physics in the early 2000’s, Lindley Winslow was swept into the center of a massive experiment to measure the invisible. Scientists were finalizing the Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino
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Neutrinos in the media
There’s no way around it: Human beings have become completely dependent on electric devices. However, generating the energy necessary to keep contemporary life on Earth afloat is posing an ever-greater challenge to the safety and prosperity of the people of the world. Despite the difficulties that the era of electronic
Neutrino Energy: Teslas Legacy, Einsteins Theory and the Potential of Neutrinos to Deliver Endless Clean Energy
Mainstream Science Recognizes the Potential of Neutrinos to Deliver Endless Clean Energy Over the years, skeptics have routinely doubted the potential benefits that understanding neutrinos could add to human lives. Pejoratively dubbed the “Ghost Particle” and scoffed at as anything more than an intangible particle that meaninglessly passes through our
The International Energy Agency predicts that solar power will outpace all other forms of energy by 2040, but solar energy’s inevitable downfall is that it can’t work when the sun isn’t shining. Enter Neutrino Energy and its Power Cubes, able to harness the power of cosmic radiation, or neutrinos, even

Work on neutrino win McDonald the Nobel Prize in physics

Neutrino Discovery Leads to Nobel Prize in Physics

What is Neutrino Energy?

“The harness of waterfalls is the most economical method known for drawing energy from the sun,” observed the famed scientist Nikola Tesla. Yet, recent discoveries of unusual properties of a tiny subatomic particle may make Tesla’s opinion obsolete. Modern researchers are now convinced the neutrino is the source of abundant, clean, renewable energy.

The Neutrino: A Mysterious Particle

The idea that matter is made up of small building blocks is very old. Ancient Greek thinkers like Leucippus suggested such a theory and even coined the term “atom” as the name of the tiny unit. By the 1800s, modern scientists expanded on this idea and began to unlock the secrets of the atom. They discovered that atoms were made up of smaller “subatomic” particles like electrons.Yet, these early physicists did not realize that even smaller particles existed until radioactivity was discovered near the beginning of the 20th century. Ernest Rutherford, an early British researcher in radioactive elements, discovered that electrons were emitted when a radioactive substance decays. Further study revealed that there was an unexplained loss of energy during this decay process.

The law of the conservation of energy tipped off scientists that there must be a mysterious particle which contained the missing energy. Physicist Wolfgang Pauli theorized that an unidentified sub atomic particle is emitted along with an electron during the decay process, and called it a “neutron.” In 1931, Italian physicist Enrico Fermi renamed the particle “neutrino” to distinguish it from the just discovered larger neutral particle, the neutron.

It would take scientists another 25 years to verify the existence of neutrinos. In 1956, Los Alamos scientists Clyde Cown, Frederick Reines, and three other researchers detected neutrinos in laboratory experiment that used large tanks of water located near a nuclear reactor. The physicists were able to detect neutrinos emitted from the reactor by recording their interactions with protons in the water. This was the confirmation of Pauli’s theory and proof that neutrinos did exist. The team of scientists eventually won the 1995 Nobel Prize for their discovery.

However, the potential of the tiny particle was unknown at first, since researchers believed neutrinos lack any mass. Without mass, there would be little practical benefit to be harnessed from the sub-atomic particle. It would take another generation of research before the value of neutrinos would be seen.

The Valuable Properties of the Neutrino

Researchers have found that neutrinos possess some valuable properties. First, the tiny particles have mass. This fact eluded scientists for many decades. “Scientists have assumed for decades that, because they interact so little with matter, neutrinos must lack any measurable mass,” writes Jennifer Chu of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.This belief changed when scientists discovered that neutrinos oscillate. Two physicists, working independently of each other, discovered that neutrinos can change between three different “flavors.” This is called “oscillation.” Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald shared the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics for their simultaneous discovery of this feature. For oscillation to occur, a neutrino must possess mass.

While the mass amount is so small that it makes it difficult to measure it, this characteristic of a neutrino is still immensely important as a energy source. This is due to energy’s special relationship with mass. Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity described this relationship in the famous equation E=MC2, which revealed that mass can be converted into energy. With trillions of neutrinos reaching earth each day from the Sun, vast amounts of energy can be harnessed if science can unlock the process to convert neutrino mass to electric energy.

Another important property of the neutrino is its “ghost-like” nature. The particle is so small that it does not interact with other materials. This means neutrinos pass through solid matter as if it did not exist. Scientists estimate that billions of neutrinos pass through the Earth each day. This feature means that it would be possible to produce energy anywhere on the face of the earth at any time from sun’s neutrinos – even when a location is facing away from the sun.

The Vast Possibilities for the Future

With an increased understanding of the neutrino, many possibilities exist for practical applications. First, neutrinos may improve monitoring of nuclear weapons. Since every radioactive material produces neutrinos, the production of nuclear weapons by rogue nations could be monitored with detectors tuned to identify neutrinos from a great distance. “[Such a] device would consist of a tank containing thousands of tons of gadolinium-doped water and could theoretically detect antineutrinos from an illicit reactor up to 1,000 kilometers away,” writes Jesse Emspak for Scientific American.Second, neutrinos may be useful in researching the inner depths of the Earth. This is due to the tiny particles’ reactions when passing through materials. A neutrino spins as it travels, and this movement is influenced by the material through which it passes. Scientists believe they could develop neutrino scanners which could “see” into the Earth’s core and identify specific minerals or oil deposits.

Third, communication systems could be improved with the harnessing of neutrinos. Electromagnetic radiation has been the traditional medium for transmitting communication, but it has its limitations. For example, seawater interferes with efficient communication with submerged nuclear submarines. Yet, neutrinos easily pass through seawater, which would make them an idea carrier of communication. While physicists have long theorized that neutrino-based communication was possible, it was not proven possible until a 2012 experiment at Fermilab in Batavia, Illinois. Researchers there used the lab’s neutrino beam projector to transmit the word “neutrino” 1 km.

Finally, the greatest potential benefit of neutrinos is the production of energy.

Though scientists have long dismissed the idea that neutrinos could serve as an energy source, the 2015 discovery of the mass of the neutrino convinced some in the field of science and industry that neutrino energy is possible. Neutrino, Inc. is a U.S. company focused on harnessing the power of the tiny particle. Collaborating with its subsidiary, Neutrino Germany GmbH, Neutrino, Inc. is currently developing neutrino-powered devices that can charge small devices like smart phones. Once this is achieved, the company then will tackle the challenge of developing a charging cell large enough to power an individual home.

“The future is green energy, sustainability, renewable energy,” said former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. The tiny neutrino may be the key to unlocking a future of abundant, clean energy.